In the eyes of the ancients, 50 years old is more than half a hundred years old, so 50 years old is also called “the year of knowing fate”. However, with the continuous development of society, the average life expectancy has increased significantly, and the legal retirement age has also been delayed to 50 or 55. Many people regard 50 as the late middle age.
Moreover, due to personal lifestyles, attitudes and other factors, there are individual differences in the speed of aging. For some people, 50 years old is the stage of rejuvenation and engaged in a career that they love while some people are weak and have already Enter the old life state. So, from a psychological point of view, is 50 years old really an elderly person?
The main task of old age to obtain a “sense of perfection”
Anders Ericsson, a representative of the New Psychoanalytic School, referred to the age group from the age of 50 until death as “old age”, also known as late adulthood, in his view of psychological development. The main task of this age group is to gain a “sense of perfection”, avoid despair and boredom, experience the realization of personal wisdom and life values, and form a personal philosophy of life.
Without this feeling, recalling the experience of one’s life will be failed, full of regrets, tired and disappointed, and easy to fear death. Moreover, Ericsson believes that the process of individual development is a process of interaction and continuous integration between the self and the environment. After the age of 50, people will pay more attention to their hearts, get rid of impetuousness, and appreciate the essential value of life.
“View on Loss of Old Age” and “View on Lifelong Development”
In developmental psychology, there has been controversy about the age at which human beings really begin to age. There are mainly two viewpoints the concept of “old age loss” and “the concept of lifelong development”. Scholars who hold the view of the loss of old age believe that in the middle-aged and old age after the age of 50, people’s psychological state will continue to age and decline with age, because psychological development is one-way forward and irreversible.
The lifelong development view is opposed to it. It believes that the psychological development of a person is throughout a lifetime. Even in the middle-aged and old ages, the psychology of a person will be continuously developed under the influence of social culture, own experience, and historical events. Therefore, they believe that 50-year-olds still have a lot of room for development to pursue what they love, instead of counting down time and waiting for the judgment of fate.
Geriatric psychology, also known as aging psychology, is a branch of developmental psychology, which mainly studies the psychological changes of the elderly. The relatively early research is undoubtedly Hall’s classic argument in the book “Aging”: Aging is a return of mankind. In the 1970s and 1980s, the psychological research of the elderly entered the blowout stage, a large number of new researches and new ideas were put forward, and the system of elderly psychology was constructed.
At present, the academic circles’ definition of old age is still vague, and whether 50 years old is considered an old person varies from person to person . For example, some scholars have found that regular participation in outdoor exercises and sports, maintaining communication and regular work and rest can effectively help slow down the aging process and even reduce the incidence of Alzheimer’s. These people are full of vitality even at the age of 50, so they are not considered elderly at all.
In addition, the influence of mentality on a person is also very important. After reaching the age of 50, some people are sad all day long, sentimentally lost time, worrying about the future, this kind of mentality can easily cause them to fall into anxiety and anxiety, and even accelerate aging.
How to delay aging?
Just as the “placebo” effect affects people, unfounded worries will penetrate into their hearts, making them always feel that they are old and weak, which in turn affects all aspects of life, and respond to the surrounding things with a negative attitude. It caused things to really develop to what they were worried about.
On the other hand, we always exaggerate the impact of stress on people. For many people, stress in life is the root cause of aging, but it is not. Japan is the country with the craziest overtime work in the world, but it is also the country with the longest life expectancy (average life expectancy of 81 years, ranking first in the world). What is the reason? The Japanese call it ikigai
That is to find the meaning of your life, do what you are good at, and do what you love. This is ikigai. In many cases, the secret of longevity is not to avoid stress but to accept stress and give it a positive meaning. BBC once had a very popular documentary film “How to Delay Aging”. The protagonist is a surgeon. She believes that the key to delaying aging lies in.
Pay attention to sun protection, anti-glycation (reduce starch intake, abstain from sugar), eat brightly colored foods, fatty fish, and bitter foods.
If you want to delay aging, you must first adjust your mentality, develop a healthy lifestyle, prevent inner worries and anxiety from occupying all of your life, and avoid “you are not old and your heart is old.” After all, people’s living conditions are determined by physiology, psychology, and environment. There is no need to feel that you are too old just because you are 50 years old.