M1 chip in Apple history

The M1 chip is a powerful new chip created by Apple and the first SoC chip designed specifically for Mac, it is optimized specifically for the strict requirements of the Mac system in terms of small size and high energy efficiency, and it will increase the integration capability to a new level.

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In terms of parameters, M1 is Apple’s first personal computer chip built with an advanced 5nm process, encapsulating a staggering 16 billion transistors, the largest number of Apple chips.

At the same time, it uses a unified memory architecture, which is a fully integrated custom module that integrates everything into the same high-bandwidth, low-latency memory pool, which brings huge improvements in performance and energy efficiency.

According to the official statement, the M1 chip is equipped with Apple’s fastest CPU and integrated graphics.

Among them, the CPU is 8 cores, including four high-performance cores and four high-efficiency cores. Each high-performance core provides excellent single-threaded task processing performance. The four high-efficiency cores have good performance and consume power. Only one-tenth of the previous. Apple said that its CPU speed has increased to a maximum of 3.5 times.

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In terms of graphics processing, the M1 chip is equipped with the most powerful graphics processor Apple has built so far. It has 8 cores and makes full use of the analysis results based on Mac application software over the years. It can run nearly 25,000 threads at the same time, with 26,000 per second. Data processing capacity of billions of floating point operations. Apple said its graphics processor speed has been increased to a maximum of 6 times.

It is worth mentioning that the M1 chip is also equipped with a neural network engine (Neural Engine), using a 16-core architecture, capable of 11 trillion operations per second, increasing the machine learning speed by up to 15 times.

Apple also said that the entire M1 chip is designed to give full play to machine learning technology, coupled with the central processing unit’s machine learning accelerator and powerful graphics processor assistance, to run video analysis, voice recognition and image processing tasks on the Mac Machine learning capabilities have reached a higher level.

In other respects, M1 also supports many technologies, such as the latest ISP (image signal processor), the latest hardware security compartment, storage controller, low-consumption and high-energy media encoding and decoding engine, etc., as well as the USB 4 stand by.

The most striking thing is that M1 also brings a huge improvement in battery life. It can increase the battery life up to 2 times that of the previous generation of Mac models.

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In terms of graphics processing, the M1 chip is equipped with the most powerful graphics processor Apple has built so far. It has 8 cores and makes full use of the analysis results based on Mac application software over the years. It can run nearly 25,000 threads at the same time, with 26,000 per second. Data processing capacity of billions of floating point operations. Apple said its graphics processor speed has been increased to a maximum of 6 times.

It is worth mentioning that the M1 chip is also equipped with a neural network engine (Neural Engine), using a 16-core architecture, capable of 11 trillion operations per second, increasing the machine learning speed by up to 15 times.

Apple also said that the entire M1 chip is designed to give full play to machine learning technology, coupled with the central processing unit’s machine learning accelerator and powerful graphics processor assistance, to run video analysis, voice recognition and image processing tasks on the Mac Machine learning capabilities have reached a higher level.

In other respects, M1 also supports many technologies, such as the latest ISP (image signal processor), the latest hardware security compartment, storage controller, low-consumption and high-energy media encoding and decoding engine, etc., as well as the USB 4 stand by.

The most striking thing is that M1 also brings a huge improvement in battery life. It can increase the battery life up to 2 times that of the previous generation of Mac models.

It should be noted that Apple’s latest generation of macOS Big Sur is also optimized for the M1 chip.

For example, a Mac device equipped with M1 can wake up immediately from sleep mode just like iPhone and iPad. At the same time, its Safari Internet speed, Java running speed, and response speed have been significantly improved.

It can transplant iOS and iPadOS ecology to Mac, thereby constructing an overall Apple application ecology across devices, allowing Mac to fully benefit.

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Of course, in order to solve the compatibility problem under the existing ecology, Apple said that all Mac software it has developed now supports Universal and can run natively on M1. The existing various Mac apps, even if they have not yet been updated to Universal, can still run seamlessly through its Rosetta 2 technology.

At the same time, various apps on iPhone and iPad can now be run directly on Mac. In addition, Big Sur’s infrastructure has also been optimized to unlock the power of the M1 chip, including developer technologies such as Metal for graphics processing tasks and Core ML for machine learning.

Based on M1, the first chip designed for Mac, Apple released three Macs-13-inch MacBook Pro, MacBook Air and Mac mini.

13-inch MacBook Pro: the strongest battery life Mac

As Apple’s classic Pro laptop, the 13-inch MacBook Pro has always been one of the productivity tools favored by students and professionals.

Based on the M1 chip and Big Sur, the main highlights of the 13-inch MacBook Pro are:

  • The central processing unit cooperates with the active cooling system, the speed is up to 2.8 times higher than the previous generation model;
  • The speed of the graphics processor is increased up to 5 times;
  • Machine learning speed up to 11 times;
  • Up to 17 hours of wireless Internet access and up to 20 hours of video playback.
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It is worth mentioning that the battery life of the MacBook Pro is up to 2 times that of the previous generation model, which is the best among all Macs.

In terms of price, the starting price of the new 13-inch MacBook Pro is RMB 9999, and the educational discount starts at RMB 9199.

MacBook Air: a leap in graphics processing speed

As the world’s best-selling 13-inch notebook, MacBook Air has the blessing of M1 chip, and its performance is as follows:

  • Compared with the previous generation model, the CPU speed is up to 3.5 times faster;
  • Graphics processor speed up to 5 times;
  • Machine learning speed up to 9 times;
  • The storage controller and flash memory technology of the M1 chip accelerates the performance of the solid state drive up to 2 times.
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Among them, Apple regards the increase in graphics processing speed as an unprecedented leap for MacBook Air.

In addition, MacBook Air also uses a fanless design to ensure that the device runs quietly and silently.

In terms of battery life, the wireless Internet time can be up to 15 hours, and the video playback time can be up to 18 hours, setting a new high for MacBook Air’s battery life.

In terms of price, the starting price is RMB 7999, and the starting price of education discount is RMB 7199.

Mac mini: The revolution of small desktop computers

In the Mac product line, the positioning of the Mac mini has always been low price, compact and easy to use.

After the M1 chip is injected into the compact body of the Mac mini, its main performance is:

  • Compared with the previous generation model, the CPU speed is up to 3 times faster;
  • The graphics performance of the graphics processor is increased up to 6 times;
  • The machine learning speed is up to 15 times of the previous generation model.
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Apple said that although the body size is only one-tenth the size of many desktop computers, the performance has increased by 5 times.

It can be said that based on the M1 chip and Big Sur, the ultra-small desktop computer Mac mini has also ushered in changes.

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