The solar system is the mother galaxy of the earth and the galaxy in which mankind lives. When human beings walked out of the earth with the help of science and technology, they began to explore and study the solar system. There are eight major planets in the solar system. The Earth is the only planet of intelligent life, and the Earth has two neighbors, one is Mars and the other is Venus. Both of them are highly concerned by scientists.
In addition to Mars and Venus, Mercury, the closest planet to the solar system, is also a planet of great interest to scientists. When scientists observed the planets in the solar system, they found that many planets have dust rings, and the earth also has a very weak dust ring. In fact, the so-called dust ring is a circle composed of many very small celestial body fragments orbiting the planet. Ring belt.
The most spectacular dust ring in the solar system is the Saturn ring of Saturn, which is the most spectacular view in the solar system. The scale of Saturn’s ring is very large, and the number of celestial bodies in it is not small. It is not a dust ring as we know it, but a planetary ring. . Compared to the planetary rings of Saturn, although other planets also have some small celestial bodies orbiting around them, it is difficult to find these dust rings if they are not observed closely.
According to scientists, the presence of dust rings on celestial bodies farther from the sun is a high probability event, and it is also a normal celestial scene. For planets closer to the solar system, the possibility of dust rings is very small, such as Mercury and Venus. Scientists used to think that because Mercury and Venus are close to the solar system and are affected by the solar wind and magnetic field, it is difficult to capture dust particles, and naturally there will be no dust rings.
But later, when the probe got closer to Mercury and Venus, it was discovered that the original perception was completely wrong. Mercury and Venus not only have dust rings, but their scale is larger than that of the earth. What is going on? Mercury is the closest planet to the solar system. The temperature on its surface is very high. According to normal celestial theory, there should be no dust ring near Mercury.
Scientists hope that the Parker Solar Probe will be able to find a dust-free area near the sun, thinking that there should be an area close to the sun where the heat from the sun will evaporate all the dust, and what they are trying to find is this The margin of an area. However, scientists accidentally discovered that Mercury’s orbit was scattered with a “mist of cosmic dust” and formed a 9.3 million miles wide ring. But Mercury itself is only 3,030 miles wide, so when it orbits the sun, it is actually floating in a sea of dust.
Scientists also don’t know how Mercury’s dust ring is formed, and the unintentional discovery of solar probes may change human perception of the solar system. If the formation of Mercury’s dust ring is incomprehensible, then Venus’s dust ring is even more mysterious. The dust ring of Venus is 15 million kilometers wide and 26 million kilometers thick.
The dust ring of Venus is much larger than the ring of Saturn, but why can we easily observe the spectacular ring of Saturn, but not the dust ring of Venus? In fact, the reason is not complicated. Although Saturn’s rings are only 200,000 kilometers away, the celestial bodies in it are very dense, and the dense celestial bodies can be seen by us. The dust ring of Venus is extremely wide, and the distance between the celestial debris and dust is very large, so it is difficult for us to see it at a distance, and can only be observed by close or through powerful astronomical telescopes.
So how did the dust ring of Venus come from? There are also two opinions in the scientific community. Some scientists believe that the dust ring of Venus comes from asteroids lurking in the orbit of Venus. Computer simulations show that there may be 10,000 asteroids in the orbit of Venus at the beginning of the solar system. During the 4.5 billion years of evolution, about 800 asteroids will survive, but because of the sun’s glare, scientists have not yet discovered their existence. .
However, the above view has not been recognized by too many people. If there are at least 800 asteroids in the orbit of Venus, there is no reason why we cannot find them. We must know that the neighbors of Venus Earth are the closest planets to the Earth. Moreover, if Venus is close to the sun, if there are hundreds of asteroids around it, they can be found by astronomical telescopes. After humans walked out of the earth, they also launched many probes to Venus, and no asteroids were found near the orbit of Venus.
Another view of scientists on the dust ring of Venus is that it may come from the remains of a planet long ago, and the reason why this planet became fragments may be destroyed by celestial impacts. Scientists guessing this way is not a complete guess. I believe many of my friends know about the Mayan civilization, which is the most mysterious civilization in the history of the earth.
The Mayan civilization appeared 4,500 years ago. We must know that human civilization is only about 5,000 years ago. That is to say, 4,500 years ago, human beings had just grown from a primitive society to a civilized society, and characters were only born soon. Logically speaking, human civilization at that time was very backward. Although there were written words, many tribes were still in the Stone Age.
But in that era, the strength of Maya civilization is completely different from that of human civilization. According to the relics and many records left by Maya civilization, we can find that the Maya civilization at that time had a very strong architectural level, which was able to perform construction on solid stones. Carved processing. Through long-term observation of celestial phenomena, we have mastered the solar eclipse cycle and the laws of movement of the sun, moon, and Venus; sculptures, painted pottery, and murals have high artistic value and are known as the “Greece of America”.
The Mayan civilization has a very strong astronomical cognition, and it can be said that the understanding of the universe is stronger than we are now. How could a human civilization that has just walked through a primitive civilization have such a powerful knowledge of astronomy? Therefore, many scholars later believed that the Mayan civilization was very likely to come from an extraterrestrial civilization. Scientists have also discovered that the Mayan civilization’s calendar is very complicated. Instead of using the earth’s revolution and rotation period as the calendar, it’s the Zhuojin calendar with 260 days as the revolution period, and the 6-month lunar calendar, 29th and 30th. Different calendars with different cycles, such as the lunar calendar with a cycle and the solar calendar with a cycle of 365 days. Modern astronomical observations are 365.2422 days a year, while the Mayans have measured 365.2420 days a year, which is only 0.0002 days (about 18 seconds) away from modern astronomy.
The main calendar of the Mayan civilization is the Zhuojin calendar with a 260-day cycle. Based on the Mayan civilization’s cognition of astronomy, they cannot imagine a 260-day revolution cycle out of thin air. This may represent a certain planet in the solar system. .
However, after human beings walked out of the earth, they did not find any planet in the solar system with a revolution period of 260 days, so some scientists speculated that the planet in the Mayan civilization may have been destroyed and turned into dust debris. The planet’s position calculated by this cycle is between Venus and the earth, and it is the hometown of Mayan civilization.
Why would the planet, the home of the Mayan civilization, be destroyed? Scientists speculate that it may have been hit by another wandering celestial body. At that time, the Maya civilization observed a huge celestial body hitting their home star. Because the celestial body was too large, the science and technology of the Maya civilization may have just left the planet. , Without the strength to destroy the celestial bodies, in the end only a part of the people moved to the nearest earth, and then a new Mayan civilization was established on the earth.
Of course, the above are only the guesses of scientists. There are still too many unknowns waiting for us to solve the dust ring of Mercury and Venus. Unfortunately, with the current technology of human beings, we have not been able to board Venus for exploration and research. , Maybe you can find some clues on Venus. We can only look forward to further advances in technology in the future to uncover the secrets of Mercury and Venus dust rings.